At the end of 2018, relevant departments completed the statistical work of throughput of major ports in mainland China. The top 10 China ports are Ningbo Zhoushan Port, Shanghai Port, Tangshan Port, Guangzhou Port, Qingdao Port, Suzhou Port, Tianjin Port, Dalian Port, Yantai Port, and Rizhao Port. This blog will briefly introduce the first five ports.
No. 1 in the top 10 ports: Ningbo Zhoushan Port
Ningbo Zhoushan Port lies in the middle of the coastline of mainland China. It is a multi-functional and comprehensive modern deep-water port integrating the functions of the inland port, estuary port and seaport. In addition, it is an important hub of China’s national comprehensive transportation system. The port has more than 620 production berths. Among them, there are nearly 160 large berths above 10000 tons and also more than 90 large deep-water berths above 50000 tons. As of June 2018, there are nearly 250 container routes in Ningbo Zhoushan Port. In 2018, Ningbo Zhoushan Port completed a cargo throughput of 1.08 billion tons, ranking first in the world for the 10th consecutive year.
The operation of Ningbo Zhoushan Port is as follows: first, there are 19 ports in Ningbo Zhoushan Port and the main business of each port area is different. Among them, the main port area is mainly for comprehensive transportation; the important port area is mainly for the marine industry and comprehensive transportation; the general port area is mainly for local economic development. Second, as of June 2018, there are nearly 250 container routes in Ningbo Zhoushan Port, including more than 120 ocean routes, with an average monthly flight of about 1500.
No. 2 in the top 10 China ports: Shanghai Port
Shanghai Port lies at the estuary of the Yangtze River. In 2018, the cargo throughput of Shanghai Port ranked second in the world. Shanghai Port has established container trade with more than 500 ports in 214 countries and regions around the world, with more than 80 international routes.
The operation of Shanghai Port is as follows: first, its business mainly includes loading and unloading, warehousing, logistics, ship towing, pilotage, foreign ship agency, foreign ship tally, sea rail intermodal transport, transit service, and waterway passenger transport service. Second, its main business goods are containers, coal, metal ore, oil, and its products are steel, mining and construction materials, mechanical equipment, etc.
No. 3 in the top 10 China ports: Tangshan port
Tangshan Port is located on the southeast coast of Tangshan City, Hebei Province. It is an important part of the specialized transportation system of large materials such as energy and raw materials. It is important to the economic and social development of Tangshan city. And, it is one of the important windows of economic development and opening to the outside world. In 2018, the cargo throughput of Tangshan Port was 637.1 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 11.14%, ranking third in the world.
No. 4 in China’s top ten ports: Guangzhou Port
Guangzhou Port is the largest foreign trade port in South China, located in the center of the Pearl River Delta. The Pearl River Delta is the most active export-oriented economy in China. The port area is divided into Humen Port Area, Xinsha port area, Huangpu port area, and Guangzhou inner port area. Guangzhou Port is mainly engaged in cargo loading and unloading, storage and bonded business of oil, coal, grain, fertilizer, steel, ore, container, etc. In addition, it also provides pilotage of ships at home and abroad, waterway cargo and passenger transport, logistics services, etc. As of August 2018, Guangzhou Port has established container trade with more than 400 ports in more than 100 countries and regions in the world. In 2018, the port cargo throughput ranked fifth in the world.
No. 5 in China’s top ten ports: Qingdao Port
Qingdao Port is located on the Jiaozhou Bay of the Shandong Peninsula. It is close to the Yellow Sea, across the sea from Japan and the Korean Peninsula. It is also a transit hub along the Yellow River Basin and the west coast of the Pacific Ocean. The business of Qingdao Port covers Shandong, goes along the Yellow River and reaches Central Asia. Qingdao Port is mainly engaged in the container, coal, crude oil, iron ore, grain and other import and export cargo handling services and international and domestic passenger transport services. In 2018, Qingdao Port completed 1154000 TEU of operation boxes, ranking sixth in the world in terms of cargo throughput.